add a new column to existing table in a migration

To create a migration, you may use the migrate:make command on the Artisan CLI. Use a specific name to avoid clashing with existing models.

php artisan make:migration add_newcolumn_to_users_table --table=users

You then need to use the Schema::table() method (as you’re accessing an existing table, not creating a new one). And you can add a column like this:

public function up()
{
    Schema::table('users', function($table) {
        $table->integer('newcolumn');
    });
}

and don’t forget to add the rollback option:

public function down()
{
    Schema::table('users', function($table) {
        $table->dropColumn('newcolumn');
    });
}

Then you can run your migrations:

php artisan migrate

This is all well covered in the documentation for both Laravel 3:

Leave a comment